How To Moisturize According To Your Skin Type
Posted on July 02 2019
It turns out not all of us use moisturizers the right way. Skin experts say far too many people don't use the proper moisturizers for their type of skin. “Most people are not aware of the importance of proper skin hydration for their skin type,” says Martha Pearson, M.D., director of dermatology at Newton Medical Center. Although lubricating our skin may seem basic, it can get surprisingly complicated. It turns out that moisturizers are made up of three types of ingredients: humectants, emollients, and occlusives. And knowing which type of moisturizer and the right amount your skin needs, can save you lots of time and money.
Moisturizing your skin type
Everyone needs a certain balance of moisturizers to keep their skin smooth and glowing. However, the exact balance of the ingredients depends on your skin. Here’s a general guide by facial skin type to get you where you want to go:
If your skin is feeling dry, you will need a powerful skin moisturizer, which will rehydrate the top layer of your skin cells and seal in the moisture. They are the first step in combating dry skin. They contain three main types of ingredients. Humectants, which help attract moisture, include ceramides (pronounced ser-A-mids), glycerin, sorbitol, hyaluronic acid, and lecithin. Another set of ingredients — for example, petrolatum (petroleum jelly), silicone, lanolin, and mineral oil — helps seal that moisture within the skin. Emollients, such as linoleic, linolenic, and lauric acids, smooth skin by filling in the spaces between skin cells.
Why does oily skin still need a moisturizer? Because skin stripping products, pollution, and UV rays can damage your skin’s natural moisture barrier. As a result, your skin won’t be able to retain water and stay properly hydrated.
Try applying humectant-rich, water-based toners, essences, and serums and then sealing them in a few drops of facial oil. To compensate, your skin begins to overproduce sebum, which can result in greasy skin, clogged pores, and acne. That said, you should choose the best moisturizer for oily skin and use it after cleansing for a balanced, grease free complexion. Consider an emollient, like TheraPlex, first for just a bit of a boost without occlusives.”
If you’re prone to acne, blackheads, and breakouts, moisturizing can be especially tricky—no matter if your skin is oily, dry, or somewhere in between. You still need a good balance of humectants, emollients, and occlusives, but look for ones that are none to be non-comedogenic. Petrolatum is a great example of an occlusive ingredient that seals in moisture but is not likely to clog pores (although everyone’s skin is different—always patch test!)
You also need a balance of humectants, emollients, and occlusives, but you can play with the ratio depending on your skin’s needs. Maybe you’re on a tropical vacation in a humid climate and your skin is suddenly much more oily than normal. Time to try a completely oil-free, humectant-based product like Gly Miracle. It's the best body and facial moisturizer out there.